What are they?
Preschool developmental milestones are those skills and abilities that children can be reasonably be expected to achieve at or by a certain age. It is not a list to hold children by. We are all unique and human development is also unique for each person.
While some children may recite their alphabet at age two, others may not until age 3. While some children may be drawing pictures of trees and people at age 3 ½, others may not do so until age 4 ½. Why such discrepancies? The reason is that all children grow and develop, for the most part, in the same order but go through the stages at their own pace.
As Early Childhood Educators, it is our responsibility to know the stages children go through at different ages. It is also our responsibility to educate parents on these stages and making certain they are aware that there can be a six to eight month (or more) window of discrepancy.
Parents tend to compare their children to other children they know of the same age. This can put much pressure on them and, by extension, on their children to “perform” certain skills that they just aren’t ready to do yet.
Knowing the stages children go through during the preschool years will help you to plan activities that are not just age appropriate, but also appropriate for the level of development each of your preschoolers are currently in.
Below are links that will take you to the Milestone page for the listed age. You can use these pages:
Developmental Milestones for Preschoolers